On 13 August 2012, a Volga-Dnepr Airlines flight VDA4118, a Ilyushin IL-76TD-90VD aircraft (registration RA-76511, serial number 94-08), departed Prestwick, Scotland, for St. John’s International Airport, Newfoundland and Labrador, on a scheduled cargo flight with 10 crew members on board.
An instrument landing system approach was carried out, and at 1612 Newfoundland Daylight Time, the aircraft touched down on Runway 11.
Following touchdown, Volga-Dnepr Airlines flight VDA4118 was unable to stop the aircraft before it reached the end of the runway.
The aircraft came to rest in the grass, the nose wheel approximately 640 feet beyond the end of the pavement.
There were no injuries, and aircraft damage was limited to cuts and localized rubber melting on the main tires.
The accident of Volga-Dnepr Airlines flight VDA4118 occurred in daylight hours. The runway overrun did not cause the emergency locator transmitter to activate.
Volga-Dnepr Airlines flight VDA4118 actually experienced a 13-knot tail wind, which would have required a landing distance of 5184 feet, including a stopping distance of 3608 feet. The 13-knot tail wind would have increased the stopping distance by 901 feet.
- The occurrence aircraft landed with a tail wind that exceeded the aircraft manufacturer’s limitations.
- The combination of the tail wind and the fact that power levers were not reduced to idle until the aircraft was about 2000 feet beyond the threshold resulted in the aircraft landing approximately 4220 feet from the threshold, which reduced the available runway length to stop.
- Excessive tread wear, a wet runway, and existing runway friction values resulted in hydroplaning, which reduced the effective braking capability of Volga-Dnepr Airlines flight VDA4118.
- The incorrect brake line installation reduced the effective braking capability, thereby extending the stopping distance.
- Although the crew used maximum reverse thrust on all 4 engines with 1000 feet of runway remaining, this action was not sufficient to stop the aircraft before the end of the runway.