Saudi Arabian flight SV163 : it was around 1808 GMT on August 19, 1980, when Saudi Arabian Airlines, Flight 163, a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar, departed Riyadh, Saudi Arabia enroute to Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Flight 163 returned to Riyadh after an uncontrolled fire developed in the C-3 cargo compartment of the aircraft.
“Give me your attention please, be seated ladies and gentlemen, we are about to land there’s no reason to panic”
The flight landed at about 1836 and then taxied clear of the runway and came to a stop on an adjacent taxiway.
While parked on the taxiway, the aircraft was destroyed by the fire and the three hundred and one persons on board the flight were killed.
Saudi Arabian flight SV163 was survivable. The first door was opened about 23 minutes after all engines had been shutdown.
The Presidency of Civil Aviation determines that the probable cause of this accident was the initiation of fire in the C-3 Cargo compartment.
The source of ignition of the fire is undetermined.
Factors contributing to the final fatal results of this accident were
- the failure of the Captain to prepare the cabin crew for immediate evacuation upon landing, and his failure in not making a maximum stop landing on the runway with immediate evacuation,
- the failure of the Captain to properly utilize his flight crew throughout the emergency
- the failure of C/F/R headquarters management personnel to insure that its personnel had adequate equipment and training to function as required during an emergency.