CRM

Crew resource management or cockpit resource management (CRM) is a set of training procedures for use in environments where human error can have devastating effects. Used primarily for improving air safety, CRM focuses on interpersonal communication, leadership, and decision making in the cockpit.
The term “cockpit resource management” (later generalized to “crew resource management”) was coined in 1979 by NASA psychologist John Lauber who had studied communication processes in cockpits for several years. While retaining a command hierarchy, the concept was intended to foster a less authoritarian cockpit culture, where co-pilots were encouraged to question captains if they observed them making mistakes.
Crew Resource management grew out of the 1977 Tenerife airport disaster where two Boeing 747 aircraft collided on the runway killing 577 people. A few weeks later, NASA held a workshop on the topic, endorsing this innovative training.
United Airlines was the first airline to provide CRM training for its cockpit crews in 1981.

Aeroperu Boeing B757-200 (N52AW) flight PL603

Aeroperu Boeing B757-200 (N52AW) flight PL603

Aeroperu flight PL603 was operated by Aeroperu with a Boeing B757-200 (N52AW and took off at 05:42 UTC on 2 October 1996 from Jorge Chávez International Airport in Lima, Peru bound to Santiago de Chile. When Aeroperu flight PL603 took off and reached speed V2 + 10,...

Gulf Air – Airbus A320-212 (A40-EK) flight GF072

Gulf Air – Airbus A320-212 (A40-EK) flight GF072

GULF AIR flight GF072 crashed while on go-around in Bahrain international airport. On 23 August 2000, at about 1930 local time, Gulf Air flight GF-072, an Airbus A320-212, a Sultanate of Oman registered aircraft A40-EK, crashed at sea at about 3 miles north-east of...

RIGAS AEROKLUBS LATVIA – ANTONOV AN-28 (YL-KAB)

RIGAS AEROKLUBS LATVIA – ANTONOV AN-28 (YL-KAB)

RIGAS AEROKLUBS LATVIA flight YL-KAB was performing parachutists dropping with two airplanes at the National Parachute Sport Centre, Østre Æra airstrip in Østerdalen. The company had had a great deal of experience with this type of operations, and had been carrying...

Carpatair – ATR72-500 (YR-ATS) flight AZ1670

Carpatair – ATR72-500 (YR-ATS) flight AZ1670

Alitalia flight AZ1670 operated by Carpatair with ATR72-212A (ATR72-500) registration YR-ATS departed Pisa (LIPR) bound to Rome Fiumicino Airport (LIRF) on the 2nd of February, 2013, at 18.44 with 4 crew members and 46 passengers on board. After an uneventful approach...

TAROM – BOEING B737-300 (YR-BGC) flight ROT3107

TAROM – BOEING B737-300 (YR-BGC) flight ROT3107

On December 30th, 2007 the TAROM flight ROT3107, registered YR-BGC was scheduled for the flight ROT 3107 Bucharest – Sharm el Sheik. At 09:27 UTC, during the take-off procedure from runway 08R at “Henri Coandă” International Airport Bucharest, the aircraft collided...

JETSTAR – AIRBUS A321-231 (VH-VWW) flight JQ57

JETSTAR – AIRBUS A321-231 (VH-VWW) flight JQ57

The JETSTAR flight JQ57 was on a scheduled flight from London Gatwick Airport to Chania Airport, Crete. The aircraft and pilots were on their first fight of the day. The fight preparation proceeded normally until, when the co-pilot selected the slats/flaps lever to...

OZJET AIRLINES – BOEING B737-229 (VH-OBN)

OZJET AIRLINES – BOEING B737-229 (VH-OBN)

On 29 December 2007, a Boeing Company 737-229 aircraft, registered OZJET AIRLINES flight VH-OBN, was being operated on a scheduled passenger service from Brisbane, Qld to Norfolk Island. At 0352 Coordinated Universal Time1, the flight crew briefed the cabin crew that...

Air France Airbus A330-203 (F-GZCP) flight AF447

Air France Airbus A330-203 (F-GZCP) flight AF447

On 31 May 2009, the Airbus A330 flight AF 447 took off from Rio de Janeiro Galeão airport bound for Paris Charles de Gaulle. The aeroplane was in contact with the Brazilian ATLANTICO control centre on the INTOL – SALPU – ORARO - TASIL route at FL350. At around 2 h 02,...

Iran Air – Fokker – F100 (EP-IDB) flight IRA235

Iran Air – Fokker – F100 (EP-IDB) flight IRA235

Iran Air flight IRA235 : on 02 Jan 2008, at 07:32 local time ,The Aircraft F.100, registered EP-IDB, operated by Iran Air flight No;IRA235 took off from runway 29L of Mehrabad Airport (OIII) /Teheran destination to Shiraz (OISS) city in the Islamic Republic of Iran ....

Qantas – Boeing – B747-438 (VH-OJH) flight QF1

Qantas – Boeing – B747-438 (VH-OJH) flight QF1

On 23 September 1999, at about 2247 local time, a Qantas Boeing 747-438 aircraft registered VH-OJH (callsign Qantas One) overran runway 21 Left (21L) while landing at Bangkok International Airport, Thailand. The overrun occurred after the aircraft landed long and...

Aviation accidents

An aviation accident is an incident in which an aircraft is damaged or destroyed as a result of a collision, fire, structural failure, or other event. Aviation accidents can be caused by a variety of factors, including mechanical failure, pilot error, adverse weather conditions, and sabotage. Aviation accidents can result in fatalities, injuries, and damage to property. 

Aviation incidents

An aviation incident is an occurrence, other than an accident, that affects or could affect the safety of aircraft operations. Examples of aviation incidents include near collisions, runway incursions, and unruly passenger incidents.

Aviation serious incidents


A serious incident in aviation refers to an event that could have resulted in an accident or that had the potential to cause serious injury or death. Some examples of serious incidents in aviation include engine failure, in-flight fires, and loss of control of the aircraft.

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